DNA , Neanderthal , Who is Neanderthal admin This blog presents several additional points to support the notion that Neanderthal is antediluvian man, i. In , we presented evidence, based on partial mitochondrial DNA sequences, that Neanderthal is indeed our direct, antediluvian ancestor 1. We now have more evidence that solidifies our position. More and more they are being portrayed as fully human like us. They are seizing their rightful position in the history of man: The following points should be considered in defense of our stance: This finding coupled with the fact that Neanderthals had brains larger than present-day humans4 could suggest that they were more articulate than we. Genetic Similarity The present-day human and Neanderthal genomes appear to be at least This difference is statistically the same as some of the latest estimates of genetic differences within the present-day human genome Clearly Neanderthal is fully human; however, since his DNA markers do not exactly align with any present-day family groups or any post-flood family groups, he must be placed as antediluvian man, our pre-flood ancestor.

Clinical genetics

Mutation Drosophila melanogaster Mutation is the ultimate source of genetic variation in the form of new alleles. In addition, mutation may influence the direction of evolution when there is mutation bias, i. For example, recurrent mutation that tends to be in the opposite direction to selection can lead to mutation-selection balance.

At the molecular level, if mutation from G to A happens more often than mutation from A to G, then genotypes with A will tend to evolve. If selection would favor either one out of two mutations, but there is no extra advantage to having both, then the mutation that occurs the most frequently is the one that is most likely to become fixed in a population.

Studies in the fly Drosophila melanogaster suggest that if a mutation changes a protein produced by a gene, this will probably be harmful, with about 70 percent of these mutations having damaging effects, and the remainder being either neutral or weakly beneficial.

Genetics research. Read the latest news on plant and animal genetics from universities and research institutes around the world.

Eligibility Please be aware that clinical genetics accepts applicants from paediatric training routes. Non-physician applicants must have obtained the basic specialty professional examination MRCPCH in addition to specific clinical experience and competences to be eligible. Therefore applicants seeking a position in clinical genetics must have one of the following: You will not be required to give any preferences of particular regions when completing your application; you are applying purely for the specialty at that stage.

Later on, you will be required to give preferences of the available posts — at that point, you can opt to be considered for as many or as few post vacancies available nationally as you wish. This lead region will review all applications, liaise with all candidates, host interviews, verify assessments, and make offers on behalf of all regions nationally.

Your application will be handled solely by the lead region throughout the entire round, up to the point where you receive and accept an offer; after which it will be transferred to the region where the post is based for pre-employment checks. All interviews will be held at this lead region although the clinicians making up the interview panel will be drawn from a national background — ie not just from the host region.

It is possible that there could be changes between now and the interview period. Please bear this in mind when reviewing the information below, although in most cases it is not expected this will change, or any changes will be minimal. You are advised to check back in closer to the time of interview. Interview content You will spend approximately 10 minutes at each of the three interview stations, with three-to-five minutes’ transfer time between each.

Communication skills Implicit in all six areas assessed across the three stations will be an assessment your communication skills – eg of how you would communicate with patients, colleagues, etc.

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The scripture that states: Here are the scriptures in context: KJV So, what does all this mean? God and Adam would walk together and have fellowship.

A scriptural framework leads to specific expectations about the genetic differences among humans and other species, expectations that can be scientifically tested against modern genetic data. Genetics confirms the recent, supernatural creation of Adam and Eve .

Wedekind, [1] several studies found corroborating evidence for biological compatibility. They discovered that as the proportion of HLA-similar alleles increased between couples, females reported being less sexually responsive to their partners, less satisfaction from being aroused by their partners, and having additional sexual partners while with their current partner. Additionally, Ober et al.

They discovered that married couples were less likely to share HLA alleles than expected from random chance; thus their results were consistent with tendencies for same-HLA alleled partners to avoid mating. Further evidence of the importance of genetic compatibility can be found in the finding that couples sharing a higher proportion of HLA alleles tend to have recurring spontaneous abortions, [4] reduced body mass in babies, [4] and longer intervals between successive births.

The wider variety of antigens allows the immune system to target a greater number of pathogens making the offspring more immunocompetent. Any HLA allele which becomes a more resistant allele would not simply become an inherent allele in all individuals. Through evolution , there will always be some pathogens that can become resistant to this allele, and spread to create a selection against the allele. HLA-dissortative mating can be considered a method to cause the adaptations that pathogens have to their host to become obsolete in their offspring; In other words, allow us to keep up in the “Red Queen’s race”.

HLA genes are highly polymorphic between individuals.

Genesis and Genetics

KJV So, Adam became a living soul, the first living soul. This means that he necessarily had all of the human genetic variations in his DNA. This is why it is called the Bible.

When deciding which consumer genetics test to take to learn about your ancestry or health, consider what you hope to get out of the experience. Here’s what it’s like to try three of the most.

To make effective use of our map requires at least 37 “recent” Y-chromosome markers rather than the 12 ancient ones revealed by basic haplogroup tests, and SNP or subclade identification. Popular Perceptions and misperceptions “Racialist” descriptions of perceived “racial” characteristics of so-called sub-races Pontids, Dinarics, Mediterranids, Armenids, Saharids, Arabids, and so forth are still entertained in certain quarters.

Viewed in terms of the human genome, race as the term is commonly used and understood is a relatively insignificant or at best superficial and arbitrary consideration, and we are already seeing more reliance on purely genetic identification. Genetic diversity is a reality. While race, as the term is traditionally used, is fast becoming an outmoded concept, specific gene markers based on relatively “recent” mutations are naturally linked to persons sharing common origins i.

The legitimate scientific basis of regional racial distinctions but not racialism is genetic differentiation over thousands of generations. Genetic studies have proven beyond doubt that, ultimately, we are all descended from the same people. Implications of “recent” migrations and cultural factors involving the human race, particularly over the last 8, years, may be discussed even debated for decades to come. Outside academic and scientific circles, much of the debate finds fertile ground among those seeking to prove that their ancestors were “black” or “white” rather than humans living in a certain region or identified with a certain culture.

While it might be overzealous to define all such people as racists, it is clear that their views, based on interpretations and misinterpretations regarding gene markers and mutations originating in the last 8, years and the “historical” period of the last rather than those of the last 80, years, are outdated. Prevalent stereotypes and ignorant authors outside Italy sometimes paint a superficial physical picture of Sicilians which bears little similarity to reality.

Genetic matchmaking

A relatively minor point, though not trivial, has been the issue of the biological relatedness of the Jewish people, and their relatedness to the nations among whom they were resident. This particular point became more starkly relevant with a scientific understanding of human genealogy and genetic relationship in the 18th and especially 19th centuries, but its root can be traced back to antiquity. Jews are not simply a set of individuals who espouse a belief in the God of the Jews, or hold to the laws of the God of the Jews.

Rather, one aspect of Jewish identity is its collective component whereby the adherents of the Jewish religion also conceive of themselves as a particular nation or tribe, and therefore bound together by a chain of biological descent. Of course these issues can not be understood except in light of a complex historically contingent sequence of events. Our understanding of what it means to be Jewish today, or the understanding of Jews themselves as to their own identity, is the outcome of a long process where self-identified Jews interacted with the broader milieu, as well as evolving in situ.

This has been a topic of debate for more than years, but with the latest finding in genetics, it appears those who say the “chicken” are on the winning side.

June 16, June 19, And you will be surprised at how sure-footed the answer is, writes Tony Joseph The thorniest, most fought-over question in Indian history is slowly but surely getting answered: Genetic research based on an avalanche of new DNA evidence is making scientists around the world converge on an unambiguous answer: This may come as a surprise to many — and a shock to some — because the dominant narrative in recent years has been that genetics research had thoroughly disproved the Aryan migration theory.

This interpretation was always a bit of a stretch as anyone who read the nuanced scientific papers in the original knew. But now it has broken apart altogether under a flood of new data on Y-chromosomes or chromosomes that are transmitted through the male parental line, from father to son. Lines of descent Until recently, only data on mtDNA or matrilineal DNA, transmitted only from mother to daughter were available and that seemed to suggest there was little external infusion into the Indian gene pool over the last 12, years or so.

New Y-DNA data has turned that conclusion upside down, with strong evidence of external infusion of genes into the Indian male lineage during the period in question. In other words, those who migrated were predominantly male and, therefore, those gene flows do not really show up in the mtDNA data.

Creation vs. Evolution

DNA , Neanderthal , Who is Neanderthal admin This blog presents several additional points to support the notion that Neanderthal is antediluvian man, i. In , we presented evidence, based on partial mitochondrial DNA sequences, that Neanderthal is indeed our direct, antediluvian ancestor 1. We now have more evidence that solidifies our position.

The company then combines your DNA data with your overall social media footprint to build your dating profile, creating an algorithm that, according to its website, “predicts your compatibility based on your attraction, personality and social media.”.

News Here are phylogeny packages and 54 free web servers , almost all that I know about. It is an attempt to be completely comprehensive. I have not made any attempt to exclude programs that do not meet some standard of quality or importance. Updates to these pages are made roughly monthly. Here is a “waiting list” of new programs waiting to have their full entries constructed. Many of the programs in these pages are available on the web, and some of the older ones are also available from ftp server machines.

The programs listed below include both free and non-free ones; in some cases I do not know whether a program is free. I have listed as free those that I knew were free; for the others you have to ask their distributor.

Gene Expression

I think DNA research applications for genealogical research are directly related and equivalent to fingerprinting. More crimes have been solved with fingerprint evidence than for any other reason. The flexibility of friction ridge skin means that no two finger or palm prints are ever exactly alike in every detail; even two impressions recorded immediately after each other from the same hand may be slightly different.

Then, with the same degree of confidence of determining DNA “matches”, we should be able to directly trace back all our ancestry. Biometric [identification utilizing a physical attribute that is unique to every human] includes [iris recognition, the use of dental records in forensic dentistry, the tongue and DNA profiling, also known as genetic fingerprinting.

That, however, says to me, that over generations of time, every person, father, son, mother daughter, brother, sister, relative, each had a former DNA “engine” creator that produced another individual that in and of itself, starts off life with its own altered DNA “record” it must be so to produce individuality ; this then produces other altered DNA “records” in its posterity.

According to the Bible, Adam was created in God’s image approximately years ago. Now that we are beginning to understand DNA, we can determine Adam’s DNA; and by understanding Adam’s DNA, and how it relates to us, we can make some significant progress in understanding who we really are and how we fit into the Kingdom of God.

Why do people from the tropics generally have darker skin color that those who live in colder climates? As early humans moved into hot, open environments in search of food and water, one big challenge was keeping cool. The adaptation that was favored involved an increase in the number of sweat glands on the skin while at the same time reducing the amount of body hair. With less hair, perspiration could evaporate more easily and cool the body more efficiently.

But this less-hairy skin was a problem because it was exposed to a very strong sun, especially in lands near the equator. Melanin, the skin’s brown pigment, is a natural sunscreen that protects tropical peoples from the many harmful effects of ultraviolet UV rays. UV rays can, for example, strip away folic acid, a nutrient essential to the development of healthy fetuses.

Genetic love match? Dating sites try DNA tests

Primary source references As a preface to this document, I want to point out that it is a shame that we have to continue to refute the same arguments that evolutionists keep bringing up over and over again in their attempts to argue against the fact of creation, which fact has been well established since the day the earth was created ex nihilo several thousand years ago.

It is also a shame that the masses have bought all this based on some circular reasoning about fossils, where fossils tend to be found buried, similarities between various life forms, the presence of certain decay products in rocks, and other inherently speculative arguments about the past, based on phenomena that exist in the present. If I hope to accomplish anything, it will be to simply encourage critical thinking. One must get past the arguments ad populum that its popularity counts for something , ad hominem that if you attack the person making the argument, this counts for something , and especially ad baculum that there are people who have the clout to decree it as true , to ask the key questions and challenge the unsubstantiated assumptions and thinking of those who would hold to the evolution position.

Today there are an increasing number of anti-creationist authors who are producing books and periodicals that make this relatively brief presentation insufficient to deal with all the points in dispute.

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Jumblepudding So is an indicator of the Khan lineage a preference for fur hats, as suggested in The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy? I wonder if it is testable. In fact, it seems more than likely that the individual picked out by these tests is one of these three. This game can be played ad infinitem, of course, but above Qabul Khan the genealogy is less reliable, and the more distant relatives of Genghis probably had relatively little advantage.

Alexander was bisexual and unenthusiastic, tending toward celibacy. Karl XII of Sweden, who came close to making Sweden a great power in the place of Prussia and Russia, was so uninterested that his counselors considered putting aphrodisiacs in his food he never did marry. Genghis had several hundred wives, of whom only eight were important to him, and that size of harem is also seen in the Muslim world and among the Rus ca.

Charlemagne has children by 8 women, as his monkish biographers noted without comment. John Emerson In Russia the language of the ruling group switched from Mongol to Turkish quite early — the mass of the troops were Turks. So many of the Tatars were probably Mongol in descent. This would skew the results a bit. Despite his pagan practices, Muslims needed to believe that his power was from God, punishing Islam for its sinfulness. He plays a role in Islam a bit like that of Alexander the Great, who is an important figure in Muslim legend.

Steve C Another historical figure to have likely left many descendants is Attila the Hun.

Population genetics

Introduction Domestic rabbits are the descendants of Oryctolagus cuniculus, a species native to the western Mediterranean basin Spain and North Africa. Wild rabbits belong to other genera: Sylvilagus, Coprolagus, Nesolagus and Brachylagus.

New DNA evidence is solving the most fought-over question in Indian history. And you will be surprised at how sure-footed the answer is, writes Tony Joseph.

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Do You Have A Racial Preference?