Social information processing theory explained Social information processing theory, also known as SIP, is an interpersonal communication theory and media studies theory developed in by Joseph Walther. These online relationships may help facilitate interactions that would not have occurred face-to-face due to factors such as geography and intergroup anxiety. Overview Origins Beginning in the s, after the advent of the Internet and the World Wide Web , interest grew in studying how the Internet impacted the ways people communicate with each other. Walther claims that CMC users can adapt to this restricted medium and use it effectively to develop close relationships. Joseph Walther, a communication and media theorist, understood that to describe the new nature of online communication required a new theory. What makes SIP different from these theories is its distinct focus on communication mediated solely by information and communications technologies.
Altman and Taylor established the Social Penetration Theory as a step by step methodological process of developing close interpersonal relationships. Their theory suggests that in order to achieve closeness in a relationship, there is a proper orderly way in which it has to be done, failing which closeness will not be possible. The theory states that social penetration only becomes possible when certain boundaries are relaxed and that the main way in which to attain deep social penetration is through self-disclosure.
Although the theory seems to focus more on the depth involved in self-disclosure, it also acknowledges the issue of breadth in self-disclosure as well. Just like the depth, the breadth too takes a similar route to be penetrated to attain closeness in a relationship. Hence, they concluded that the depth of penetration self-disclosure , signals the degree of intimacy between people who are trying to get close to one another.
At some point in life, most people go through a period when they feel out of sync with the world, and it’s usually around that time when someone you care about gets married.
Social media has provided individuals with forums of self-disclosure like we have never seen before in history. Taylor and Altman offer four stages of self-disclosure. Basic facts about oneself such as job, hometown, educational background, etc. Favourite foods, movies, books, etc. Trip plans, family news, opinions about such things as politics, current events, etc. I can almost hear the chords of Kumbaya echoing around the world, as we all tweet our way to intimacy. But, wait a minute.
Imagine a friend revealing to you over coffee that she often feels inadequate as a parent and has sleepless nights fretting over it.
Altman is a social psychologist who is currently an emeritus faculty member at the University of Utah . Taylor, who died in  , met Altman when, as a doctoral student, he became a research assistant on a project that Altman was co-directing called Advanced Research on Groups Under Stress at the Naval Medical Research Institute in Maryland. This research was published in in The Journal of Social Psychology. The research on which Taylor and Altman partnered about relational communication led to the co-authoring of Social penetration: The development of interpersonal relationship in The theory is among the earliest attempts to understand the nature of close relationship and has been the basis for later communication theory research.
Objectives: To understand self-disclosure theory through the practical application of online dating; to promote increased awareness of interpersonal communication processes in mediated contexts; to enhance information fluency regarding the academic literature on interpersonal communication.
Both made extensive studies in an area of social ties on various types of couples. Their theory describes a pattern of relationship development, a process which they identify as social penetration. Social penetration refers to a bonding process in which a relationship of individuals to move from superficial communication toward a more intimate communication… Social Penetration Essay Words 4 Pages The first stage of the Social Penetration Process is the orientation stage which occurs at a public level, revealing small parts about ourselves.
Rose and Jack enter this stage when Jack sees Rose standing at the edge of the boat. He approached her for the first time and talked her out of committing suicide. The only interaction they have at this stage is an introduction. The next day, Rose finds Jack and thanks him for helping her. More specifically, the surveys are designed to determine if self-disclosure is happening more quickly in Facebook relationships. Altman and Taylor examine the stages of self-disclosure in social penetration theory and this study will determine if the lines… Film Analysis – Social Penetration Theory in the Breakfast Club Words 9 Pages Molly Ringwald, is the rich snob of the group.
She is characterized as being very self-centered and conceited. She is in detention because she skipped classes to go shopping one afternoon. The bully of the group is John Bender , who is played by actor Judd Nelson. Bender is a person who has a lot of issues with himself, which he masquerades with a… Strategies for Market Penetration Words 14 Pages Strategies for Market Penetration Abstract With the effect of globalization, we have witnessed a fast- changing nature of the international business environment.
The competition in global playground, therefore, has been becoming fiercer and fiercer.
Data was collected by having couples answer a questionnaire and by rating audio recordings of the couples talking about their relationships. The couples they found were having difficulties and were presumed to be in the depenetration process, which is a lack of intimacy and self-disclosure. The hypothesis was supported for breadth and valence, but results opposite to the predictions were obtained for depth: Decreased intimacy was associated with increased depth.
The second article I found did a similar experiment.
Self-Rated Physical Attractiveness, Attractiveness Standards, and Expectation Deviations in According to the social penetration theory (Altman & Taylor, ), people first get to know each other on a surface, superficial level. Physical attractiveness is one of these Self-Rated Physical Attractiveness, Attractiveness Standards, and.
Smith Spring Many people come into and go out of our lives; some have a larger impact than others. As humans we interact with each other on a daily basis and relationships are developed, some you may refer to as acquaintances, some friends, and others as intimate friends. This is a very complex process that we go through every day of our lives, repeating it over and over, encountering people that we may end up either knowing or not until the day we die. There are also people that you go so as far as to love them, which for me is the highest level of human communication and involvement.
This may sound like common sense but it is a large part of how the world works with social and interpersonal communication. This looked at how an individual develops a personal bond with another person. This theory was used to better understand the framework of developing a relationship. The research took a scientific look at how a relationship develops, looking at it from the beginning first sight to the development of relationships and put them at different levels.
An example of this is the way an individual interacts with others at a party. The behavior of a person says a lot more than is consciously portrayed to others. The way you portray yourself in a public setting is very important.
A Glimpse into the World of Online Dating Introduction In this day and age, the internet is widely utilized for business and organizational purposes. However, the use of the internet for social communicative purposes continues to increase. More and more people are using the web for more than just e-mailing, working, and downloading music; they are using it in hopes to find their one true love. One of the biggest growing uses for the internet today is online dating. People are searching out others who share their same interests, hobbies, and goals with expectations that they can locate the person that they are meant to be with.
Self-Disclosure Theory- Gibbs, J. E. (). First Comes Love, then Comes Google; AN Investigation of Uncertainty Reduction Strategies and Self-Disclosure in Online Dating. First Comes Love, then Comes Google; AN Investigation of Uncertainty Reduction Strategies and Self-Disclosure in Online Dating.
Assess the Medium Theory. Critique the Spiral of Silence Theory. Compare and contrast Rhetoric, Dramatism, and the Narrative Paradigm. Evaluate the Muted Group Theory. Assess the Communication Accommodation Theory. Explain Coordinated Management of Meaning. Evaluate the Cognitive Dissonance Theory. Assess the Expectancy Violations Theory. Analyze the Social Penetration Theory.
Explain the Social Exchange Theory. Critique the Relational Dialectics Theory. Evaluate the Communication Privacy Management Theory. Explain the Adaptive Structuration Theory.
Relationships progress from nonintimate to intimate. Relational development is generally systematic and predictable. Relational development includes depenetration and dissolution. Self-disclosure is at the core of relationship development.
Social penetration, or the theory that self-disclosure is a shared and reciprocated behavior, is critical to getting to know others online and making the decision to meet in .
Social Information Processing The debate team meets in the same classroom each week to discuss upcoming tournaments and to rehearse their presentations. They have the room reserved for their use from 6 to 10 every Tuesday and Thursday night. URT predicts that high levels of uncertainty produce What is high levels of reciprocity. Name ONE that was found in research focusing on illness and death in the context of family. What is presence-absence and joy-grief just ONE dialectic pair is correct.
Computer-mediated communication provides unique opportunities to connect with people, is an assumption of Social Information Processing Theory. She also makes an effort to look her supervisor directly in the eye during interactions.
Self-Presentation in Online Personals
Internet can therefore create critical discourse that may influence political action. Networking of individuals enables the public to hold all institutions of government and politics more accountable. In this way, both parties are senders and receivers. Technology has changed the way we understand and handle our interpersonal relationships.
SOCIAL PENETRATION THEORY TODAY. References Altman, I., & Taylor, D. A. (). Social penetration: The development of interpersonal relationships.
That is because these two terms are so important and the central foundation to the Social Penetration Theory. Just as in real life, breadth and depth works the same in online social networks such as Facebook. Greater breadth of self-disclosure will predict greater depth of self-disclosure Craig. Along with greater predictability comes greater interdependence Craig. Think of your closest Facebook friends.
How often do you visit their page or view their photos? Do you know ever time they have updated the smallest thing on their page? With Facebook being a relatively new phenomenon, it will be interesting to see additional research on relationships, especially romantic, conducted about it in the years to come. When studying relationships that begin on the Internet, Parks and Floyd conducted a study to measure social communication and relationship development on the Internet.
Hannah Lerman Abstract The Internet has become the one of the most used ways for individuals of both sexes to meet potential mates. The purpose of the grounded theory study was to gain an understanding of the stages of development of an online romantic relationship and the motivations that impact the progression and the maintenance of relationships through asking individuals who have experienced the phenomenon about their experiences.
Social penetration model, social learning theory, and the stimulus- role-value theory guided the study. Four samples of convenience were used to obtain the 20 participants, including the Walden University participant pool, 2 local universities, Match. Through reviewed literature, the researcher designed the survey and interview questions. The first area explored was how online romantic relationships developed including consideration of motives, perceptions, mate selection, language, and self-expression.
Most of us can readily remember attraction and rejection experiences that dominated our life for a while. Regarding attraction, perhaps we recall the mental preoccupation studied attraction through online dating (Fiore, Taylor, Mendelsohn, & Hearst, ; Hitsch, relationship goal pursuits, social penetration, dialectical processes.
Social Exchange Theory Online Dating Explaining Communication in Close Relationships. As suggested by social exchange theory Thibaut. Keywords Internet, online dating, virtual romance, Social Exchange Theory, writing skills. In the past few years, Internet dating sites have become busy virtual. Social information processing theory. He argued that if there was an opportunity for sufficient exchange of social messages and.
Learn about the social exchange theory of love. The Attachment Theory of Love. In social penetration theory, the depth of a relationship is important. According to social exchange theory,.
Review of Literature
Online Dating Theory One of the most amazing social changes is the rise of online dating and. Theory on online dating profiles adult sex dating in shingler georgia match dating offer at photos sluts dating london speed dating questions for coworkers dating. Take the test Discover the secrets to online dating.
Social Penetration Theory is being used in today’s modern world to study electronic interactions on the Internet through social media sites and chat rooms. On the one hand, people who meet online are often unable to predict how a person will react to certain types of information, making the cost of self-disclosure difficult to evaluate.
Social Exchange Theory is an important social psychology concept that concerns social changes as a process of interactive exchanges between different people. This theory is often used within the business world to explain and analyze commercial transactions. What is the History of the Theory? Social Exchange Theory has strong roots in the fields of economics, sociology and psychology. From a historical perspective, early psychologists focused on the principles of reinforcement, functionalism, and utilitarianism.
Instead, there are different theories that contribute to the overall theoretical framework. However, all viewpoints agree on basic assumptions about humans. For example, people generally seek rewards, avoid punishments and are rational beings. What is the Fundamental Concept of the Theory? The theory of social exchange views human interactions and exchanges as a kind of results-driven social behavior. The fundamental concept of the theory of social exchange is cost and rewards.